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They say there are about 25,000 science, technical and medical journals that are peer-reviewed and assessment process for peer-reviewed articles has traditionally involved lengthy mail delays, high postage costs and cumbersome administration.
Now over the last few years, about a dozen companies have developed Web-based peer-review programs that aim to reduce turnaround time, postage bills and workload by automating and tracking the process. Industry observers estimate that 30 percent of scholarly publishers — which include commercial houses, academic presses and nonprofit associations — have adopted the online systems.
Lee Hadden writes: \"The Wall Street Journal has an interesting article on music magazines
in their August 13, 2002 issue. They say After 35 years of leading the music-magazine pack, Rolling Stone\'s pre-eminence in the field is threatened by
upstarts. Chief among them is Blender, from the makers of
the men\'s magazine Maxim, which has a circulation of
350,000 after only nine issues and says that will increase
to 410,000 by next January. Blender uses the same short
bursts of humorous writing that served Maxim so well.
Read more about it (subscription required).\"
Gary Price, from The Virtual Acquisition Shelf & News Desk sent along \"This NYTimes Story on a project trying to find and catalog every surviving collection of every newspaper published in the five boroughs since 1725.
According to The Encyclopedia of New York City, since 1725, when the first edition of The New-York Gazette appeared, 415 general-circulation newspapers have been published in New York City, along with 149 foreign-language papers.
Rob Lopresti writes \"New Scientist\'s Feedback column (July 6 2002) pointed out this website created by UW librarian Patty Carey. It charts the 34 titles that Comptes Rendus, the journal of the French Academy of Sciences, and its many splinter journals, have undergone since 1835 (mostly since 1950).
Here\'s The PDF \"
James Nimmo was kind enough to point us to This Boston.com Story on The National Academy of Sciences, and their move to organize a scientific town hall meeting to discuss whether researchers should withhold information when they publish studies to ensure the information could not be used by terrorists.
\'\'Science, by its definition, is supposed to be repeatable and if we permit publication of manuscripts that lack sufficient detail ... we will be undercutting science and we\'re not prepared to do that,\'\' Atlas said.\"
SomeOne writes \"Individual scientists submitting articles for publication in journals published by the American Society for Microbiology have asked permission to withhold information out of concern that \"significant data could be misappropriated or abused\". In response, the president of the society has sought the advice of the National Academy of Sciences on whether scientific journals should withhold information that may aid bioterrorists or countries contemplating biological warfare. The full story is in the New York Times at:
Lee Hadden writes: \"In a letter to Nature in the June 27, 2002 issue, is a discussion about the impact factor in Spanish scientific publications.
See: \"Impact-factor rewards affect Spanish research
\", the print copy of Nature 417, 898 (2002) or at: Nature.com (subscription required).\"
In Spain, as in Finland, publication of research reports in journals with a high impact factor has since 1989 officially been part of the national system for evaluating researchers\' productivity. But unlike the Finnish system, the Spanish system rewards individuals rather than departments or institutions.
As stated in the Spanish parliamentary record, a bonus is awarded only for \"those articles of scientific worth in journals of recognized prestige in the field. As a quality indicator, the relevance of the medium of dissemination in which each article was published shall be considered. In those disciplines for which international systems of quality of publications exist, reliance on these systems shall be obligatory.\"
Rachel writes \"For a forthcoming book from Scarecrow on writing for publication, I\'m seeking survey respondents who are willing to take a few minutes to share their experiences with publishing in the library literature. The survey is available as an online form at lisjobs.com/pub4libsurvey.htm , and a plain-text version is also accessible from that link for those who would prefer to answer via e-mail. Thanks!
Peter Suber, curator of the Free Online Scholarship Blog weighs in on this much-debated issue:
None of the advantages of traditional scientific journals need be sacrificed in order to provide free online access to scientific journal articles. Objections that open access to scientific journal literature requires the sacrifice of peer-review, revenue, copyright protection, or
other strengths of traditional journals, are based on misunderstandings.
Full Article from BioMed Central\'s new Journal of Biology, which \"aims to publish outstanding research articles from all areas of biology and make them immediately accessible to all, free of charge.\"
SomeOne writes \"In a special issue on peer review, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports that published studies are sometimes misleading and fail to mention weaknesses. Some of the problem can be traced to conflicts of interest among peer reviewers. The story is available at the New York Times (free registration required).