Academic Libraries

Setting up an institutional e-print archive

From the March/April issue of Ariadne:

This article outlines some of the main stages in setting up an institutional e-print archive. It is based on experiences at the universities of Edinburgh and Nottingham which have both recently developed pilot e-print servers. It is not the intention here to present arguments in favour of open access e-print archives – this has been done elsewhere. Rather, it is hoped to present give an account of some of the practical issues that arise in the early stages of establishing an archive in a higher education institution.

\'E-prints’ are electronic copies of academic research papers. They may take the form of ‘pre-prints’ (papers before they have been refereed) or ‘post-prints’ (after they have been refereed). They may be journal articles, conference papers, book chapters or any other form of research output. An ‘e-print archive’ is simply an online repository of these materials. Typically, an e-print archive is normally made freely available on the web with the aim of ensuring the widest possible dissemination of their its contents . . .

More.

Tome Raider stole antique books worth £1.1m

Charles Davis passed along this one from
The Guardian on a Cambridge graduate who stole antique books and pamphlets worth an estimated £1.1m from libraries and then sold them at auctions and is now facing a lengthy jail term. The Police named him the \"Tome Raider\" after they busted him with books like Principia Mathematica by Sir Isaac Newton, works by Galileo,
and The Wealth of Nations by the Scots economist Adam
Smith.
In total he stole 412 extremely rare antiquarian books making
the haul one of the biggest of its kind in British legal history.
Some have been returned to the libraries but hundreds of the
books have never been traced.

\"We don\'t assert he actually got them out of the libraries in the
first place but what he did afterwards was to pretend to be the
owner to sell them or store them away for later, we say, to make
quite a pile of money. We are not dealing with last year\'s law
book. We are going back hundreds of years with some of them.
They are valuable and he knew that.\"

See also, BBC Story on stopping book thieves in stores.

National Survey Documents Effects of Internet Use on Libraries

steven bell writes \"The May/June issue of CLIR News has a report and preliminary findings of a new study titled \"Dimensions and Use of the Scholarly Information Environment.\" The story states that the \"main purpose of the inquiry was to learn how the Internet is affecting the work of students and scholars and what consequences Internet use will have on campus libraries.\" Findings indicate that patterns of Internet use depend on who the researcher is and their field of study. For example, humanities and social science researchers were found to trust the Internet less than counterparts in other disciplines. There is also information on use of the physical library and distribution of course materials. In all, this sounds like a study that academic librarians can\'t afford to overlook.
Read more.
\"

New bill would nullify presidential records order

From Library Journal:

Legislation has been introduced that would nullify President Bush\'s executive order 13223, which allows sitting or former presidents to block access to presidential records. Representative Stephen Horn’s (R-CA) Presidential Records Act Amendments of 2002 would establish specific guidelines for the release of records and the handling of presidential claims of privilege . . .

A bit more. Even more from The Reporter\'s Committee for Freedom of the Press.

A Library as Big as the World

You\'ve most likely heard of Brewster Kahle\'s Internet Archive. In the case that you have not, this note on the homepage should tantalize you

The Internet Archive is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public.

Well, an interesting article from Business Week tells of the development of Kahle\'s project, his plans for the future (which include better searching capablilites and digital copies of TV and radio programs) and the *huge* obstacle that is COPYRIGHT! In the article, Lawrence Lessig calls Kahle his \"hero.\" Wow! The strange thing about the article is that it seems to be sympathetic to Kahle and Lessig, rather than business.

A librarian\'s legacy

From the Washington Post:

One of the best, most underused collections of Judaica and Hebraica in the country is located at George Washington University.

Donated six years ago by the family of I. Edward Kiev, the chief librarian of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in New York City, the collection contains more than 18,000 books and manuscripts on religion, philosophy, the classics and the arts . . .

Reuven Schlencker, a rabbinical scholar and cataloguer at the university\'s Marion Gelman Library, calls the archive \"one of the top 10 university collections of Judaica in the country.\" Besides the Library of Congress, no other area library approaches the Kiev Collection in range and depth of Judaic studies, he said.

More. More information about the Kiev Collection can be found here.

1930 U.S. Census Data Available

From the New York Times (registration required):

Joseph Pierre Leclerc was a womanizing bounder who drank too much, beat his children and made a habit of marrying within a month of his last divorce.

After years of research, Michael J. Leclerc knew that much for sure about his unlamented great-grandfather, who died in 1968. What the great-grandson did not know - what had him out after midnight scrolling through just-released microfilm here at the northeast regional office of the National Archives - was which of his great-grandfather\'s countless women was living with him in 1930 when census takers knocked on his front door . . .

Such were the prickly personal questions that brought genealogy buffs out during vampire hours here and across the country for the unveiling of information on individuals and families gathered in the 1930 census. Under federal law, this data, which, most juicily, discloses who was living with whom and in what dwelling, is kept secret for privacy reasons until 72 years have come and gone . . .

More. The National Archives has finding aids for the census available online. -- Read More

Future of Academic Libraries Bib

I ran into this Future of Academic Libraries Bibliography while doing some research the other day. It does cover much more than just the future of academic libraries as well.

The resources provided cover the following topics: creativity, future of libraries, information services, innovative tech, leadership, organizational learning, professional development, strategic planning, technical services/collection development, staff development, and technology. Formats include: journal articles, books, book chapters, and Web sites.

British Library Preserving Digital Heritage

The average lifespan for a website is 60 days. \"To a librarian, whose whole role in life is to preserve information, that is the stuff of sleepless nights.\"

As well as regularly archiving 10,000 sites, the British Library will take half-yearly \"snapshots\" of the entire .uk domain, which is presently 25 million webpages, with 60,000 being registered monthly. The library plans to create a cross section of British websites, consciously choosing a variety of sites, \"for example, we chose the Soil Association site and also the Monsanto site, to see how the debates on GM foods matched up.\" The archive will be cataloged, somehow, and they are investigated getting copyright clearance so that the public can browse the archives.Read the Full Story here

Georgetown Library in dispute over Graham Greene

Luis Acosta writes \"Here is a story from today\'s NY Times in a dispute involving Georgetown\'s Lauinger Library and scholars trying to get access to the papers of Graham Greene:

While Greene\'s authorized biographer toils away on the third volume of Greene\'s biography, other scholars are being denied access to Greene\'s papers by virtue of the library\'s restrictive reading of Greene\'s ambiguous intentions. \"
Also available at Yahoo.

The problems arise from a pointedly inserted a single comma that may or may not have drastically changed a document making it clear that he had authorized one writer to be his official biographer

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